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	Gretchen Goodbody-Gringley uses a lionfish containment device to collect fish that she spears on one of Bermuda's mesophotic reefs. This targeted removal is being studied as one possible mechanism for controlling the invasive lionfish population and protecting local fish diversity.</p>

Gretchen Goodbody-Gringley uses a lionfish containment device to collect fish that she spears on one of Bermuda's mesophotic reefs. This targeted removal is being studied as one possible mechanism for controlling the invasive lionfish population and protecting local fish diversity.

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	A summer meal at Marcus’ Bermuda included lionfish ceviche with avocado, kafir, pickled watermelon, and puffed rice chips. The Hamilton-based restaurant is among three local establishments that recently partnered with BIOS scientist Gretchen Goodbody-Gringley to help lessen the impact of invasive lionfish on Bermuda’s native fish populations. Photo courtesy of Marcus' Bermuda.</p>

A summer meal at Marcus’ Bermuda included lionfish ceviche with avocado, kafir, pickled watermelon, and puffed rice chips. The Hamilton-based restaurant is among three local establishments that recently partnered with BIOS scientist Gretchen Goodbody-Gringley to help lessen the impact of invasive lionfish on Bermuda’s native fish populations. Photo courtesy of Marcus' Bermuda.

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	Tim Noyes, Gretchen Goodbody-Gringley, and Alex Chequer pose with their lionfish haul from a day of diving on Bermuda's mesophotic coral reefs.</p>

Tim Noyes, Gretchen Goodbody-Gringley, and Alex Chequer pose with their lionfish haul from a day of diving on Bermuda's mesophotic coral reefs.

While many invasive species disrupt natural ecosystems by spreading disease or competing for food and habitat, lionfish are particularly problematic owing to their voracious appetites and high reproductive capacities. Lionfish are indiscriminate predators, feeding on over 70 species of fish, invertebrates, and mollusks, and a single lionfish can eat 30 times its stomach volume in one meal.

Additionally, each female lionfish can produce more than two million eggs each year during her average 16-year lifespan, making lionfish a significant threat to native fishes and reef systems throughout the Caribbean and Western Atlantic Ocean, including Bermuda. Lionfish have also been shown to negatively affect recruitment of native fishes to reef ecosystems, and have been linked to indirect effects on reef ecosystems through phase shifts from reef-dominated communities to algal-dominated communities.

Assessing the utility of lionfish traps for preserving biodiversity by managing invasive lionfish populations

This research project, led by the team of Tim Noyes, Gretchen Goodbody-Gringley, and Leocadio Blanco-Bercial, is funded by the BEST 2.0 Programme (part of the European Union Biodiversity for Life flagship). This project aims to determine the effectiveness of a lionfish-specific trap, developed by the U.S. National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and designed to remove lionfish while preserving native fish biodiversity. 

Management of invvasive lionfish hotspots: conservation of biodiversity on mesophotic coral reef ecosystems in Bermuda

Also funded by the BEST 2.0 Programme, this research project, with lead scientist Gretchen Goodbody-Gringley, aims to demonstrate that targeted removal of invasive lionfish will reduce the pressuce on local fish populations, resulting in the preservation of localized reef fish diversity. This project also aimed to promite the creation of a sustainable lionfish fishery through provisions of fresh lionfish to local restaurants and food markets, followed by surveys to determine market demand.