The atmosphere strongly influences the ocean, not only in terms of wind and weather, but also with respect to its chemical composition and particles that are carried by the winds. Given its remote location in the western North Atlantic Ocean, Bermuda is an ideal spot to study the effects of atmospheric chemistry on the ocean, both from the open ocean and from the continental United States.
The Tudor Hill Marine Atmospheric Observatory is one of only a few of its kind worldwide. Since 1988, continuous measurements at Tudor Hill have facilitated many international collaborations aimed at understanding the effects of atmospheric chemistry (both “natural” and man-made) on the ocean.
Since 1987, BIOS has also been monitoring the air quality of Bermuda. The Air Quality Program, part of the larger BIOS Environmental Quality Program, measures the sources and concentrations of air pollutants that may negatively impact the health and well-being of Bermuda’s residents.